gum disease symptoms

Types and Symptoms of Gums Diseases Along with Cure and Prevention

Posted on : 24th Aug 2018

Gingivitis is a very common form of gum disease. According to information released by WHO (World Health Organisation), 75 out of every 100 people all over the world , who’re aged between 35 and 45, suffer from some kind of gingivitis problem.  This apart, above half the adoloscents over 15 suffer from the same. Dental experts in London translate this statistics as an alarming condition. Though gingivitis is a mild type of gum disease, but if left untreated it leads to a more serious condition called periodontitis. At this stage, there’re high chances of suffering from tooth loss.   

An emergency dentist in North London says, consciousness is the best tool to avoid gum diseases. So, let’s explore the different types of gum diseases, their symptoms, treatments and prevention.

Gum diseases can be categorised in 3 parts, depending on the severity. These are:

  • Gingivitis
  • Periodontitis and
  • Advanced periodontitis

Gingivitis:

  • The typical symptoms of Gingivitis include red, swollen and bleeding gums acompanied by bad breath.
  • At advanced stages, there’ll be mild inflamation of the gum tissues.
  • Thankfully, it doesn’t cause any irrereversible damage to your mouth if treated early.
  • The treatment procedure is also quite simple. A dental hygienist will scale and polish your teeth from time to time, while you’ve to religiously mainatin a sound oral hygiene to cure gingivitis.
  • You can definitely prevent this gum disease by taking proper dental care and routinely visiting your family dentist.

Periodontitis:

  • The typical symptoms of Periodontitis include buildup of tartar or calculus on your teeth, receding gum tissues and loosened teeth.
  • If it is neglected, it infects your gum tissues.
  • Unlike Gingivitis, this brings irreversible damage to your mouth, taking a severe toll on your teeth and the gum tissues.
  • The treatment for Periodontitis is much more complicated than that of gingivitis. Apart from scaling, you may have to undergo root canal treatment or RCT and different forms of oral surgeries to overcome the disease.
  • Maintaining sound oral hygiene and taking dedicated measures to avoid the problem of gingivitis are the best way to avoid this type of advanced gum problem.

Advanced periodontitis:

  • When the problem of periodontitis is left untreated, it leads to a more advanced condition, called advanced periodontitis.
  • It causes toothache, every time you eat something.
  • Advanced periodontitis when gets a good grip on a patient, leads his teeth and the bones to serious infection.
  • The damage caused by it is severe and irreversible. It eats up your jawbone and the surrounding tissues. As a result you are more likely to suffer from teeth misalignment and even teeth loss.
  • Modern dentistry offers oral surgeries, bone grafting and even teeth extraction to cure the damages caused by advanced periodontitis.

Gum disease causes

There’re two types of bacteria present in your mouth – the good and the bad. The bad bacteria creates a sticky, colourless film on your teeth, called plaque. If the plaque buildup isn’t cleaned away, it turns hard and is called calculus or tartar. All these buildups are breeding ground of the bacteria that damage your gum tissues. If you keep your teeth clean and free from plaque, these complications won’t arise.

High-risk group

People, who’re more at risk in developing gum diseases include:

  • Teenage girls
  • Menopausal women
  • Post menopausal women
  • Pregnant women
  • Individuals suffering from crooked teeth problem
  • Diabetics
  • Habitual smokers
  • Individuals suffering from vitamin deficiencies, particularly vitamin C and vitamin B3

Even people, who handle a high amount of stress on regular basis, are more likely to succumb to gum diseases. The problem is called Acute Necrotising Ulcerative Gingivitis (ANUG), which is severely painful. The problem may start all on a sudden without giving any prior  warning.


There are some external factors that are also known to lead to this problem. These include:

  • Tooth fillings
  • Ill-fitted dental restorations, like bridges and crowns
  • Certain medications, like contraceptive pills

Gum diseases even affect people, who are on braces. This is because it’s difficult to maintain proper oral hygiene with braces on. If you’re at high risk of developing gum diseases, a 24 hour emergency dentist in north London suggests you should make sure to take precautionary measures on time. Do not neglect this particular dental problem or else, you may have to pay dearly for it. Modern dentistry offers effective measures to completely cure gingivitis to prevent you suffering from teeth loss.

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